Navigation Exercise 2

NAVIGATION EXERCISE # 2

This is a basic Navigation exercise but the problems are typical of those seen by a recreational boater.  The questions are “Bite Sized” and except for one question, each question stands alone from the others.

This exercise was done on Small Boat Chart 18445 Page A.  The area used is just South of West Point on the south end  and Whidby Island  on the North.  If you have this chart or a similar chart that covers this area you may work the problems on it.  If you do not have a suitable chart there is a PDF Chartlet  of the area that can be printed out on 11 x 17 paper.  Many office supply stores and copy centers can print 11 x 17 if you don’t have a large printer.  You may also tile the printing to print onto two letter sized pages then tape them together, a bit crude but it does work.

The answers are at the bottom, there is also a PDF Chartlet showing the answers.  The questions and answers are also available in a formatted for printing PDF file at the bottom.

Thanks for your interest in Boating Safety and good luck with the exercise.

Reference card with help for correcting and uncorrecting a compass, speed / time formulas and other quick hints for navigators.

Piloting and Navigators Quick Reference

More Navigation Exercises & Practice:

Crew Course Navigation Exercise 1 – More Practice

Mountaineers Sailing Crew Class Navigation Exercise – More Practice

Click For Larger View of Chartlet Area

11 x 17 Sized Chartlet of area for Navigation Exercise 2 (PDF)

NAVIGATION EXERCISE # 2



Practice finding positions and courses on a Chart.

Notes and guidelines: Chartlet based on Small Boat Chart 18445 Page A, other charts of the same area may also be used, if so your answers may be slightly different. The Chartlet covers West Point to Possession Pt. Print Chartlet 11×19 in. Chart Variation 17° 30”E. All sightings and courses are assumed to have 0 Deviation. Adding or subtracting 180° from a heading allows the opposite side of the Compass Rose to be used, this is also called finding the reciprocal.

A) You take a bearing of 174° M to a Yellow “SF” Buoy and 040° M to a light on the south end of a Breakwater off Edwards Pt..

Where Are You: ________________N ________________W

How Far to Shilshole: __________

How far to the light on the Breakwater off Edwards Pt.: __________

What would be a quick way to describe your position to the Coast Guard:

1) _____________________________

2) _____________________________

B) The Skipper ask you to give him a course to steer from the Meadow Pt. Buoy to Port Madison. You decide to pass about 600 yards due North of Pt. Monroe.

1) What is the magnetic course:____________

2) What is the approximate distance:________

3) At 6.5 kts how long until you are North of Pt. Monroe:________

4) What do you think of this course:_____________

C) You are at the helm, the boat is outside the Shilshole Marina heading toward the Ballard Locks. As the vessel passes a RW Buoy close to Port. The Skipper consults his chart and tells you to Steer 147° M.

What do you think: _______________________________________________

What happened: _______________________________________________

D) Your course is due North Magnetic. You pass a Yellow Buoy “SF” about 1000 yd. abeam to Starboard. Someone yells “Lets stop for lunch”. You are very hungry.

What do you think: _______________________________________________

What happened: _______________________________________________

E) You are up towards Edmonds – one of your crew is trying out your new hand bearing compass. They take the following readings: 344° M to a Green Buoy south of Possession Pt and 164° M to the north light on the entrance to the Edmonds Marina.

Where are you: __________________N___________________________W

What happened: ______________________________________________

F) Your crew takes the following bearing: 318°M to a Yellow Buoy they think is “SE” and 204°M to a Green Buoy you think is off Meadow Point.

Where are you: ________________________________________________

What happened: _______________________________________________

FILE:Exercise-2-Questions Revised: March 21, 2010


©
2010 captnmike.com

 

NAVIGATION EXERCISE # 2 – ANSWERS



Practice finding positions and courses on a Chart.

Notes and guidelines: Chartlet based on Small Boat Chart 18445 Page A, other charts of the same area may also be used, if so your answers may be slightly different. The Chartlet covers West Point to Possession Pt. Print Chartlet 11×19 in. Chart Variation 17° 30”E. All sightings and courses are assumed to have 0 Deviation. Adding or subtracting 180° from a heading allows the opposite side of the Compass Rose to be used, this is also called finding the reciprocal.

A) You take a bearing of 174° M to a Yellow “SF” Buoy and 040° M to a light on the south end of a Breakwater off Edwards Pt..

Where Are You: 47° 47′ 33” N 122° 25′ 45” W

or 47° 47.55′ N 122° 25.7′ W

How Far to Shilshole: 6.4 nm

How far to the light on the Breakwater off Edwards Pt.: 1.65 nm

What would be a quick way to describe your position to the Coast Guard:

1) All of the above would work if a direction was given from Shilshole or the Breakwater.

2) 1.7 nm on a bearing of 354° M from the SF Buoy (Approximately due North Magnetic) or A Bearing of 174° to Buoy “SF” at a distance of 1.7 nm.

B) The Skipper ask you to give him a course to steer from the Meadow Pt. Buoy to Port Madison. You decide to pass about 600 yards due North of Pt. Monroe.

1) What is the magnetic course: 267° M

2) What is the approximate distance: 4.3 nm

3) At 6.5 kts how long until you pass North of Pt. Monroe: 39 minutes

4) What do you think of this course:_____________

The course crosses the VTS lanes at 90° per Rule 10

Extra careful lookout should be kept for large ships, Freighters are very deceptive and can more at over 20 knots in Puget Sound, this means that a small dot on the horizon can become a VERY Large ship in a few minutes, or a high speed catamaran moving at 25 to 30 knots.

Extra caution should be exercised in the area of the VTS lanes, remember also that large ships sometimes leave the VTS lanes when operating and can be outside the area they normally operate in.

C) You are at the helm, the boat is outside the Shilshole Marina heading toward the Ballard Locks. As the vessel passes a RW Buoy close to Port. The Skipper consults his chart and tells you to Steer 147° M.

What do you think: Not good – you are headed to the Ft Lawton R Dome & shallow water

What happened: The course was probably taken from True not Magnetic

D) Your course is due North Magnetic. You pass a Yellow Buoy “SF” about 1000 yd. abeam to Starboard. Someone yells “Lets stop for lunch”. You are very hungry.

What do you think: Bad move – you are in the center of the South Bound Shipping Lane

What happened: _______________________________________________

E) You are up towards Edmonds – one of your crew is trying out your new hand bearing compass. They take the following readings: 344° M to a Green Buoy south of Possession Pt and 164° M to the north light on the entrance to the Edmonds Marina.

Where are you: Somewhere Between Possession Pt. and Edmonds

What happened: The readings are reciprocals – there is no valid intersection – 2 LOP readings should cross as close to 90° for best accuracy

F) Your crew takes the following bearing: 318° M to a Yellow Buoy they think is “SE” and 204° M to a Green Buoy you think is off Meadow Point.

Where are you: The LOP is aground south of Spring Beach

What happened: “SE” is probably too far away to be seen (13 nm) The ATON was probably confused with “SF” if so your position is approximately .65 nm on a LOP 024°M from the Meadow Pt. Buoy. If the readings seem confusing or are contradictory additional sights should be taken. All Navigators should know about where they are at all times, that will help to prevent errors like this and others such as running aground or going into the wrong harbor or marina (Yes, I have known boaters that have done both of these.)

Remember – A prudent Navigator always know where they are!

FILE:Exercise-2-Answers Revised: March 21, 2010


©
2010 captnmike.com

Exercise 2 Formatted for Printing Questions (PDF)

Exercise 2 Formatted for Printing Answers (PDF)

Exercise 2 Answer Chartlet (PDF)

 

© 2010 captnmike.com

c/m

 

This entry was posted in Navigation, Sailing and Boating Skills and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

3 Responses to Navigation Exercise 2

  1. Pingback: Navigation Exercise – Mountaineers Sailing Class | Boating Safety Tips, Tricks & Thoughts from Captnmike

  2. Pingback: Navigation Exercise 1 | Boating Safety Tips, Tricks & Thoughts from Captnmike

  3. Pingback: Sailing Crew Class Resources–Fall 2011 | Boating Safety Tips, Tricks & Thoughts from Captnmike

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